- Why should I choose Dramatherapy
What differentiates the dramatheurapeutic method from other methods of psychotherapy is that the session is not limited to speech and dialogue. The patient is encouraged to take action, to gain a more active role and to experiment with different ways of expression and presence in space. In this sense, Dramatherapy is the ideal psychotherapeutic method for people who feel stagnated or "stuck" in a situation and wish to take action and move on from where they are psychologically.
In life, we communicate not only through reason but also through sounds, gestures, facial expressions and physicality. It is often easier to express or comprehend a given situation or feeling by showing it somehow rather that expressing it with words. Dramatherapy is a psychotherapeutic method using all of the performing arts. We utilize the mind and body with different techniques and tools (such as storytelling, improvisation, painting, music etc). The purpose of this process is the optimization of mental health through a creative, enjoyable or even entertaining process.
- Who will benefit from Dramatherapy
Dramatherapy is aimed at people who wish to explore creative ways of personal development and mental health, as well as ways to bring positive changes to the areas that interest them.
It is a method of psychotherapy that utilizes the non-verbal communication achieved through artistic expression. Hence it can be particularly effective with people who find it difficult or avoid expressing their feelings and thoughts in words. In addition, it can be equally effective for people who have the tendency to overthink or speak a lot, which results in "hiding" behind their words or getting "lost" in their thoughts.
Dramatherapy is offered in public and private health institutions both in Greece and abroad, as well as in schools and large organizations that are interested in the personal development of their members. It is a method that has proven results in a variety of situations such as:
• Personal Development
• Anxiety Disorders and Stress Management
• Emotional Disorders
• Psychosomatic Symptoms
• Phobias and Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (O.C.D.)
• Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) from Psychological, Verbal, Physical Abuse or other traumatic experiences
• Eating Disorders
• Self-esteem Impovement and Self-respect Development
• Improvement of Interpersonal Relations
• Social Skills Learning
Dramatherapy is open to everyone. There is no age restriction and no creative or artistic talent is required. It is effective both in young children (clinical experience in children from 4 years old) and adolescents with emotional difficulties, behavioural problems or traumatic experiences, as well as in adults of all ages who experience similar problems. In addition, Dramatherapy is also available for anyone who wishes to make contact with their previously undiscovered artistic side. Every one of us is born an artist since life is an art itself.
- What are the Objectives of Dramatherapy
The aim of Dramatherapy is to develop the individual's creative side in a healthy way, to enable the patient/client to explore new ways of managing situations by achieving mental and emotional balance.
This method gives the patient/client an opportunity to :
• work therapeutically on deep and difficult feelings, internal conflicts and psychological problems that cause difficulties in his/her life
• understand how physical symptoms are associated with feelings
• enhance his/her self-confidence and self-esteem
• explore further ways of communicating creatively both with himself/herself, as well as with others and to improve his/her interpersonal relations
• further develop social awareness and empathy
• enhance the creative side of himself/herself
• develop the desired social boundaries in which the patient/client can function comfortably, and social relationships in which the patient/client can express himself/herself while trusting in his or her own ability to cope with the roles selected.
• create a private inner space for relaxation and playing.
- How frequently do the sessions take place
This is a method that applies and works either independently or in combination with other therapeutic methods. The sessions are held at regular weekly intervals within the context of Psychoanalytic Dramatherapeutic Approach. The method is applied either on an individual basis or as a group therapy. Individual sessions have a duration of 60 minutes, while group therapy sessions (groups with no more than 8 people) last 120 minutes. Treatment may be shorter or longer, depending on the needs of a patient/client. The first session is an evaluation process during which the Dramatherapeutic method as well as the course of treatment is discussed.
The Psychoanalytic Approach has better results on a long-term basis, but in my clinical experience there have been several cases where short-term treatment has given very satisfactory results. As a general rule, I recommend completion of no less than 12 sessions so that the therapeutic process has clearly defined stages: the beginning, the middle and the end.
- Code of Practice / Credibility- Confidentiality / Ethical Considerations
i)Dramatherapy is a scientifically documented method of psychotherapy and is one of the four recognized and accredited methods of arts psychotherapy (the other three are Music Therapy, Art Therapy and Dance & Movement Therapy). In Great Britain, where Anna trained and worked, Drama therapists are required to complete Higher Education Postgraduate Studies in order to be able to work in both the private and the public sectors and to be recognised by the Health Professions Council (HPC), the official public body of health professionals. Anyone failing to meet these requirements cannot make use of the title “Drama Therapist”.
ii) The Psychotherapeutic Process takes place within the framework of security, trust and confidentiality. As with any kind of psychotherapy, dramatherapy is governed by the Principle of Confidentiality.
In this sense, but also based on the psychoanalytic approach of ACT, the therapist will not work with anyone in the patient/client’s circle of friends, family and colleagues during the treatment, thus, protecting the healing process and the concepts of trust and confidentiality that everyone is entitled to enjoy as part of their treatment.
* Withdrawal of secrecy and release of information to people close to the patient/client or to the competent authorities shall only take place in cases where there is a risk that the patient/client might be a danger to himself or to someone else.